Fracturas osteocondrales de la rodilla

Alejandro Alvarez-López, Valentina Valdebenito-Aceitón, Sergio Ricardo Soto-Carrasco, Yenima de la Caridad García Lorenzo

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Resumen

Introducción: Las fracturas osteocondrales que afectan la articulación de la rodilla se presenta de forma aislada o asociada a otras afecciones traumáticas. El diagnóstico inicial es en ocasiones difícil de realizar por la convergencia de signos clínicos e imagenológicos.
Objetivo:
Brindar información actualizada sobre los elementos más importantes de esta enfermedad traumática.
Métodos:
La búsqueda y el análisis de la información se realizó en un periodo de 31 días (del primero al 31 de agosto de 2021) y se emplearon las siguientes palabras del idioma ingles: osteochondral lesions, osteochondral fractures, osteochondral injuries a partir de la información obtenida se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de un total de 315 artículos publicados en las bases de datos PubMed, Hinari, SciELO y Medline mediante el gestor de búsqueda y administrador de referencias EndNote.
Resultados:
Se hace referencia al mecanismo de producción, aspecto artroscópico, localización, características en cuanto a extensión, profundidad, clasificación y desplazamiento. Se describen las modalidades imagenológicas empleadas en el diagnóstico y su utilidad. Con relación al diagnóstico diferencial se describen un grupo de enfermedades con características similares. Se mencionan las modalidades de tratamiento basadas en el tamaño y tiempo de evolución.
Conclusiones: Las fracturas osteocondrales son lesiones frecuentes, para su diagnóstico se necesita de un alto índice de sospecha, ya que el diagnóstico clínico e imagenológico inicial no son concluyentes en la mayoría de los pacientes por estar combinada con otras afecciones.

DeCS: RODILLA; ARTROSCOPÍA/métodos; FRACTURAS ÓSEAS; CONDROCITOS; LITERATURA DE REVISIÓN COMO ASUNTO.

Referencias

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